History of Public Works
In 1995 and 1998 two Project Implementation Units were formed within P. W. (Roads) Directorate to look after the projects of Four-Laning of National Highway No. 2 from Barrakar to Ranigunj with World Bank loan assistance and implementation of West Bengal State Road Project respectively.
Road and Building Research Institute was set up under P. W. (Roads) Directorate about fifty years back for in-service training to the departmental engineers, testing of quality of work and conducting research works in building and road sectors. In 2009, the Durgapur Expressway Wing of P. W. (Roads) Directorate was renamed as the wing of Special Project of P. W. (Roads) Directorate and it has been entrusted to implement and monitor the work of centrally sponsored projects / schemes related to infrastructural development of road, in the State, including roads of inter-state connectivity and any other special projects/schemes under CRF, ISC, PPP, SCA, BOT etc., as could be sanctioned by concerned project sanctioning authority under the sponsorship of the Government of India from time to time.
Now World Bank National Highway Wing of P. W. (Roads) Directorate has also been entrusted to look after the work of PMGSY to give a momentum to the schemes, which is primarily vested with P & R Department.
At present, the Public Works and Public Works (Roads) Department in West Bengal are presently charged with the planning, survey, design, construction and maintenance of Roads, Bridges and Buildings throughout the state as well as having various responsibilities for emergency and relief activities.
PWD Department with suitable co-ordination of the Civil, Electrical, Mechanical and Architectural Wings, carry out the task assigned related to economical activities of construction of various bridges, roads and public buildings along with extending support for improvement of transportation services, with the allotted sum the P.W. & the P. W. (Roads) Department construct new bridges in un-bridged portions for improvement of communication system, up-grade the present road transportation system, construct road over-bridges in place of Railway level crossing and also maintain and construct all public buildings. There are Electrical & Architectural Wing under the P.W. Department, there is a Mechanical Wing under the P. W. (Roads) Department. The P.W. (Construction Board) primarily construct and maintain building of other departments with funds provided by those departments. Overall, this department can undertake any responsibility for the progress of the state through construction of roads, bridges and buildings.